Dental Spa

Scaling and Polishing

A scale and polish cleans your teeth very thoroughly.

Our mouth is full of bacteria. These bacteria, along with saliva and other food particles, constantly form a sticky, colourless "plaque" on teeth. Proper brushing and flossing can remove plaque. When it accumulates to excessive levels and is not removed, it can harden into a substance called tartar (calculus) in as little as few days. Only a professional cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist can remove tartar.

Scaling removes the hard tartar which forms on your teeth like scale inside a kettle. You can't remove it just by brushing your teeth. Scaling also removes trapped food and plaque containing millions of germs, which can cause tooth decay and gum disease. Stains from coffee, tea, cigarettes or red wine are also cleaned away when your dentist polishes your teeth.

What happens?

There are two ways to scale teeth.

Hand scalers : These come in different sizes and shapes, to reach different parts of your teeth. This is why you will see the hygienist changing instruments quite often.

Electric scalers : These use very fast vibration with water. The water is sucked out of your mouth. A hand scaler is used to check whether the teeth are completely clean.

For polishing, your dentist will use a rotating brush or rubber polisher with toothpaste.

Scaling cleans above and below the gums. If you have gum disease, scaling needs to be deeper, around the roots of the teeth.

This is called 'root planning'. Your hygienist may give you a local anaesthetic to make it more comfortable.

Your dental hygienist will tell you about the best way to clean your teeth and gums thoroughly at home.

What are the benefits?